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Vignes crozes-hermitage


The Crozes-Hermitage appellation

I. History and Territory

The Crozes-Hermitage appellation has a rich history dating back to Antiquity, when the Romans introduced viticulture to the Rhône valley. However, its modern rise is mainly due to the hard work of 19th century wine growers. The name "Hermitage" is associated with the Hermitage hill, which is renowned for its exceptional Syrah vineyards.

The Crozes-Hermitage terroir is made up of varied soils, resulting in a diversity of taste characteristics. The soils include pebbles, clay, limestone, marl, granite, and sand. This geological variety gives the wines a unique complexity.

II. Main Grape Varieties

     Syrah: Syrah is the emblematic grape variety of Crozes-Hermitage, representing more than 90% of production. The Syrah from this region is recognized for its aromas of black fruits (blackcurrant, blackberry), spices, pepper, licorice, violet, and leather. Syrah red wines are fleshy, structured, with lively acidity and elegant tannins.

     Marsanne and Roussanne: For white wines, Marsanne and Roussanne are the main grape varieties. They bring aromas of white-fleshed fruits, citrus, white flowers, honey, and almond. The white wines of Crozes-Hermitage are balanced, fresh, and have a beautiful minerality.

III. Division and Geographical Zones

The Crozes-Hermitage appellation is divided into several geographical sectors which influence the character of the wines:

     Crozes-Hermitage Nord: The northern part is renowned for producing fresher, more elegant and mineral red wines. The granite soils contribute to the pure expression of Syrah, creating wines with great aromatic finesse.

     Crozes-Hermitage Sud: The southern region gives rise to more powerful red wines, characterized by clay soils and pebbles. The wines from this area are more fleshy, with advanced maturity of the grapes, offering a rich and concentrated taste experience.

IV. Winemaking and Aging

Winemaking in Crozes-Hermitage follows traditional practices. The grapes are often harvested by hand to ensure their integrity. Fermentation takes place in stainless steel tanks, although some producers opt for concrete tanks. Red wines generally benefit from aging in oak barrels, lasting from 12 to 18 months.

White wines are generally aged in vats to preserve their freshness, aromatic character and purity.

V. Tasting

The red wines of Crozes-Hermitage have a deep purple color and release aromas of black fruits, spices, pepper, violet and leather. On the palate, they are full-bodied, structured, with well-integrated tannins and a remarkable length on the palate. These wines have excellent aging potential, improving with time.

The white wines have a beautiful golden color and offer aromas of white-fleshed fruits, citrus, white flowers, honey, and almond. They are balanced, fresh, and of great finesse, perfect to enjoy when young or after a few years of aging.

VI. Food and Wine Pairings

Crozes-Hermitage red wines pair beautifully with a variety of dishes, such as roast lamb, duck with cherries, grilled beef, or dishes with sauces. They are also a great choice with hard cheeses.

White wines pair harmoniously with fish, poultry, seafood, goat cheeses and mushroom dishes.

VII. Notoriety and Recognition

The Crozes-Hermitage appellation enjoys international notoriety and has been classified as AOC (Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée) since 1937. Its wines are regularly praised by critics and are highly prized by wine lovers around the world.

In short, Crozes-Hermitage is a prestigious wine appellation in the Rhône valley, recognized for its rich wine history, its diverse terroir, and its production of powerful red wines and elegant white wines. It embodies the excellence of French viticulture and remains an essential destination for wine enthusiasts.

feuille de vigne


1960 ha


73 000 hl


37 hl/ha on average

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